California has—count 'em—nine national parks, the most of any state in the U.S.
With respect to parts of the Pacific Northwest and perhaps parts of the East Coast, there simply isn't anywhere else in the country that demonstrates the kind of ecological diversity that can be found in California. We have it all: towering temperate rainforests with the largest arboreal organisms on the planet; the lowest point in North America, a desiccated and scorching desert wasteland; iconic glacier-cut granite valleys and active volcanoes; and sandy beach shores and Pacific islands.
Here we bring you the highlights of each of California's nine national parks.
Redwood National and State Parks
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Redwood National and State Parks are famous for the arboreal giants, Sequoia sempervirons, giant redwoods, that grow to heights above 300 feet and ages beyond 2,000 years. Conditions here are better than anywhere else in the world for the woodland giant, including the tallest trees in the world.
The collection of parks includes Redwood National Park, and to the north, Prairie Creek, Del Norte and Jedediah Smith State Parks. The most famous groves of redwoods grow in Redwood National Park and Jedediah Smith State Park—Tall Trees Grove, Grove of Titans and Stout Grove. Tall Trees Grove in Redwood National Park, home of the former world-record tallest tree, can be accessed from below via the Redwood Creek Trail or above via the Dolason Prairie Trail, which offers hikers an opportunity to experience a different perspective of Redwood National Park, beginning outside the forest on former ranch land. Grove of the Titans grows in an undisclosed location within Jedediah Smith State Park, but Stout Grove is a short hike over the Smith River from the visitor center.
But don't miss the forest for the trees. Beach and canyon hikes in the parks have much to offer, too—Gold Bluffs Beach and Fern Canyon in particular, where you can see the forest in all its glory.
*For the latest updates on trails and facilities, go to nps.gov/redw.
Pinnacles National Park
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In 2021, about 348,000 people visited Pinnacles National Park, one of the least visited parks in the National Park Service system and California's newest, incorporated from a national monument in 2012. Most of the park is designated wilderness for programs including the restoration of the California condor; Pinnacles is one of four places where captive condors are released into the wild. More than 300 soar in the wild today.
Geologically, Pinnacles is a rugged lava field, part of a long extinct volcano that was shifted 200 miles from its original location along the San Andreas Fault. The park is characterized by rock spires that attract climbers in the fall and winter months and talus caves that are an escape from the heat during the summer. For climbers, bolted and unbolted routes range from a 5.4 to 5.13a and beyond, but be forewarned: An acquired taste, Pinnacles is notorious for loose rock, and its crags require a certain experimental mindset to climb. Eleven species of bats occupy the Bear Gulch Cave on the east side of the park and Balconies Cave to the west, both of which the park tries to keep open for 10 months out of the year. There are also 30 miles of hiking trails in the area, which showcase the park's igneous spires—the High Peaks Loop and the Moses Springs Trail in particular.
Pinnacles is accessible via California Route 146 on either the east or west side of the park, but the route does not connect within Pinnacles. Note also that Pinnacles Campground is the only campground in the park and can only be accessed by the east entrance.
*All trails, parking lots and the campground are open and caves have resumed normal closures. Shuttle services within the park have not yet resumed. For current conditions, visit nps.gov/pinn.
Lassen Volcanic National Park
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One of the least visited parks in the national park system, Lassen Volcanic National Park preserves the volcanic legacy of Lassen Peak, the southernmost volcano in the Cascade Range, and its long-eroded progenitor, Mount Tehama. Evidence of the burning hot spot below Lassen is abundant in the park, with several geysers, boiling pools and steam vents to visit. Of its geothermal areas, Bumpass Hell is most impressive, with its small teal pond inset between fumaroles, steam vents, and a boiling pool coated in fool's gold. Devil's Kitchen is a longer hike at about four miles past mudpots, fumaroles and Hot Springs Creek.
Beyond the geothermal activity, Lassen is a beautiful alpine environment with plenty of adventures to offer. In the summer, explore around Manzanita Lake. The Echo Lake hike offers beautiful views of Lassen Peak, which is also a highly recommended summit. Kings Creek is a popular hiking destination with a beautiful cascade.
Lassen gets more snow than nearby Shasta with its base sometimes totaling 30 feet, making the area a prime wintertime recreation area. Cross-country skiing and snowshoeing activities are located around the Southwest Winter Recreation Area. Geothermal areas are just as striking in the winter, and many Lassen's faces, including the southeastern one, are open for backcountry skiing and snowboarding.
*Before visiting, check for trail and lake closures at nps.gov/lavo.
Channel Island National Park
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The Channel Islands offer an unparalleled opportunity to find seclusion in a unique environment. There are only a handful of island national parks in the contiguous United States, and this is the only one in California. The park consists of five islands: Anacapa, Santa Cruz, San Miguel, and Santa Rosa all clustered together due west of Santa Monica, and Santa Barbara, set about 50 miles to the southeast of Santa Rosa Island.
Despite their remote location, the Channel Islands have a lot to offer. Primitive campsites are available on every island that are open to hikers and boaters. Rugged cliffs and canyons, prairie-like grasslands, wildflowers, and the rare Torrey pine can be found along hiking trails, especially on Santa Rosa and Santa Cruz islands. Check out Water Canyon and Carrington Point on Santa Rosa Island, and Scorpion Canyon and Scorpion Anchorage during the wildflower bloom on Santa Cruz Island. Scorpion Beach and eastern Santa Cruz Island are world-class destinations for sea kayaking. Diving and snorkeling are best on Santa Barbara, Anacapa and Santa Cruz islands, where wind conditions are calmer than Santa Rosa and San Miguel.
Advance planning is required for a trip to the Channel Islands, which can be accessed only by concessionaire boats and can be traveled only by foot, kayak, or boat. No bicycles are allowed and there are no amenities on the islands, including no grocery stores or equipment rentals. Once you're there, you're on your own, so it's critical to plan ahead and be prepared. Additionally, the park serves as a marine and wildlife conservation area, and some areas are entirely off-limits to travel or visitation and must be avoided.
*For the latest updates, go to nps.gov/chis.
Yosemite National Park
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The John Muir Trail is one of the best ways to experience Yosemite National Park. Granite peaks and alpine pools are at their most stunning while on the trail, where food is packed in and cooked at sunset and the sights are seen after a day hike through some of the finest backcountry in the world. That said, permits can be hard to come by, so some of us must see fit to explore the park in other ways.
The southern half of Yosemite is more accessible and more extensively paved than the northern half, and generally speaking has the park's most recognizable sights. Three bucket-list hikes include the Half Dome Hike, the famed ascent with a cable-aided summit, the Cathedral Lakes Hike, and the Yosemite Falls Trail, which is best visited during the spring runoff when the 2,425-foot Yosemite Falls is at its peak.
*Yosemite is open by reservation only during peak season, May 20 to Sep 30 . Reservations are not required at other times of year. To book, and for the latest updates and restrictions, go to nps.gov/yose.
Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks
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Side-by-side, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks have 800,000 acres and 800 miles of hiking trails to enjoy. Like Redwood National and State Parks, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks are famous for the massive trees that grow in their forests, and the parks were created with the goal of preserving the groves where they grow. Whereas the coast redwoods are famed for their height, the Sequoiadendron giganteum that grows in this portion of the Sierra Nevada is famed for its girth; the world's largest tree by volume grows here.
General Sherman, the tree in question, grows in Sequoia National Park. Nearby, Giant Forest hosts several more of the world's largest trees. Moro Rock provides a stunning vantage of the surrounding foothills and granite formations; pair it with Crescent Meadow, which John Muir called the "Gem of the Sierra," at the head of the High Sierra Trail.
Kings Canyon National Park might well be called "Little Yosemite" for its glacially carved valleys and granite walls. More forest giants grow at Grant Grove, where grows the third largest tree by volume, the General Grant Tree. Road's End—which includes Cedar Grove, the South Fork Kings River, and Zumwalt Meadow—is a great place to acquaint yourself with the park. Several long hikes begin here, including trails to Mist Falls and Cedar Grove Overlook. Zumwalt Meadow has wide views and showcases the canyon's stunning scenery, huge granite formations that loom on either side.
*Reservations are required for camping; for trail conditions and closures, go to nps.gov/seki.
Death Valley National Park
(Courtesy of @deathvalleynps)
It's hard to believe that Death Valley National Park was a lake a mere 20,000 years ago, no more than the blink of an eye in geologic time. These days, the park earns its name as one of the hottest, driest, most desolate places in North America—but don't let that discourage you.
Explorers of the park should keep in mind that destinations are spread out, and amenities are only available along Highway 190. Furnace Creek is a central location to begin your exploration of the park, and the area includes some of the park's most interesting attractions. The salt formations of the Devils Golf Course are otherworldly, and Natural Bridge Canyon features an erosion-formed arch.
Beyond Furnace Creek, Scotty's Castle (temporarily closed) is a fascinating landmark of Death Valley's recent past. Ubehebe Crater in the Grapevine area is a striking example of Death Valley's volcanic era.
It's been said throughout the annals of time that visitors should invert their days and nights when traveling in the desert, whether the Sahara or Atacama, and there's some good sense in that recommendation here, too. Night time travel in Death Valley—far from the lights of urbanity—will revel in a panoramic dome of stars that simply isn't available in parts more impacted by the progress of humanity. It also won't be unbearably hot.
*For the latest trail conditions and updates, visit nps.gov/deva.
Joshua Tree National Park
(Courtesy of @joshuatreenps)
Few landscapes warp the mind quite like Joshua Tree National Park, a lumpy, Seussian dreamscape that beguiles the imagination. There are a couple of ways to best explore the park, and both take place on foot: hiking to points of interest and climbing.
While the best hikes in Joshua Tree show off its unique rock outcroppings, especially at Arch Rock Nature Trail and Hidden Valley Nature Trail, the most interesting flora can be found while on the road. The Cholla Cactus Garden showcases one of the park's most peculiar and comical plant inhabitants, and the Ocotillo Patch in the Pinto Basin ignites 30-foot-tall ocotillo cactus blooms after it rains.
There are 8,000 climbing routes in Joshua Tree. In short, it's a climbing mecca. The crag at Intersection, the birthplace of climinbing in the park, is a classic place to start, with routes that range from a non-technical 5.3 to 5.12b. Lost Horse, Real Hidden Valley and Indian Cove will certainly keep you busy as well, but here's the deal: Camping is limited in Joshua Tree, so you'll have to reserve in advance, arrive early, or scrap for what's left. There's also BLM land in the area for primitive camping.
*For the latest trail closures and updates, go to nps.gov/jotr.
Point Reyes National Seashore
(Courtesy of @pointreyesnps)
Closest to home for Bay Area residents, Point Reyes National Seashore offers a spectacular display of windy coastal bluffs and endless ocean views. The seashore teems with wildlife, from its herds of Tule elk to its elephant seal rookery to the pods of grey whales that swim just off shore.
There are two distinct sides to the Point Reyes peninsula. Its historic lighthouse is on the ocean side, as is Alamere Falls, one of only two coastal "tidefalls" in California where water rushing from the bluffs falls to the sea below. At sheltered Chimney Rock at Drakes Bay, barking and hollering elephant seals congregate in a months-long orgy of breeding and birthing from December through early April.
On the east side of the peninsula, Tomales Bay forms a bucolic channel between the park and the waterfront towns of Marshall and Bodega Bay. On its northern end is Tomales Point, a beautiful in-and-out hike through a captive-but-wild herd of Tule elk. Point Reyes is also a great spot for backpacking beginners: Coast Camp is only a two-mile hike from the Bear Valley Visitor Center and a few hundred yards from your own private beach. —Shoshi Parks
*For the latest wildlife closures and trail updates, go to nps.gov/pore